Wednesday, September 12, 2018


This article is derived from Dr. Eddie Hyatt's latest book, Angels of Light, available from Amazon and his website at

Winston Churchill once said, “Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” This is especially true of the church where the same mistakes have been made generation after generation concerning revival and the prophetic.
The following information is drawn from a document written around 1560 by Obe Philips, a leader in the sixteenth century Anabaptist movement that sought the restoration of New Testament Christianity. Philips was commissioned as an “apostle” in this movement and he commissioned others to this “office.”
The document, entitled “Confessions,” describes events in Europe in the 1530s. From this document I have delineated 5 telltale signs from their experience that can help us avoid the tragic mistakes that produced such great suffering and distress for them.
Warning Sign #1
When Prophecy is Used for Self-Promotion
1517-1537 was a very exciting time for many Christians in Europe. A great spiritual reformation was under way and many believed that God was restoring the church to its original purity and power. Many believed that out of this restoration would come a great revival and harvest that would usher in the coming of the Lord and the end of the age.
In the midst of this end-time, revival atmosphere, individuals began to arise proclaiming themselves to be special end-time apostles and prophets, endowed by God with miraculous power to usher in His kingdom upon the earth.
One of the most prominent of these “apostles” was Melchoir Hoffman, a powerful preacher and teacher who gained a large following. His status was further enhanced when a prophetess saw in a vision a large white swan, larger and more beautiful than all the others, swimming in a beautiful river. She claimed it was revealed to her that the swan was Hoffman and that he represented the fulfillment of God’s promise in Malachi 4:5 to send Elijah before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.
Biblical Insight: Satan plays on human ego and pride. God calls us to humble ourselves before Him and promises that He will then raise us up. Demons, on the other hand, tell us how great, wonderful, and significant we are in ourselves. The “Elijah” prophecy given to Hoffman is one that Satan has used again and again to bring good men down because of pride.
The ultimate goal of prophecy is to point people to Jesus. This was confirmed by the heavenly being who was at John’s side as they observed the vast heavenly host worshipping and praising God. Overwhelmed at the sight, John fell at the feet of his heavenly escort to worship him, who stopped him and said,
See that you do not do that! I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren who have the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy (Revelation 19:10).
In John 16:13 Jesus said that when the Holy Spirit would come, He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is mine and declare it to you. The Holy Spirit is not here to promote a prophet, teacher, angel or any other creature. Jesus is the only Savior, Healer and Lord, and the Holy Spirit is here to point people to Him. When people use prophecy to put themselves and their own movement in the limelight, it is a warning sign they have strayed from the Biblical pattern.
Warning Sign #2
When Prophecy Becomes the Primary Means for Determining the Will of God
Another individual prophesied that Hoffman would be imprisoned for six months in the city of Strasbourg, and after that, his ministry would spread over the whole world. Based on the prophecy, Hoffman moved to Strasbourg where he began to preach and teach throughout that city.
The first part of the prophecy was fulfilled when the Strasbourg authorities arrested Hoffman and had him imprisoned. Philips says that he entered the prison “willingly, cheerfully, and well comforted,” convinced that the latter part of the prophecy would now soon come to pass.
While in prison, Hoffman wrote many letters which Philips says came every day describing “how his actions, his visions and revelations affected him.” One individual prophesied that at the end of his six-month imprisonment, Hoffman would depart Strasbourg with 144,000 true apostles endowed with such miraculous power that no one would be able to resist them. Elated with such prophetic predictions, Hoffman vowed that he would take no food other than bread and water until the time of his deliverance.
Six months passed, however, and he was not released. More time elapsed and he found it necessary to break his fast. Hoffman eventually died in prison, a very disillusioned man. Philips says;
Everything that he so boldly professed from the prophets and prophetesses, he, in the end, found it all falsehood and deception, in fact and in truth; and he was so deceived with all their visions, prophecies, commission, dreams, and Elijah role that my heart today feels pity for him on account of this distress of his soul.
Biblical Insight: It is clear from Scripture that personal prophecy is not for giving direction in life. There is not a single positive example of such in the New Testament. Neither Jesus or Paul ever encouraged anyone to seek direction from a “prophet.” In this New Covenant, all are given the Holy Spirit, and all are to be led by the Spirit (Romans 8:14) A prophecy may confirm, but never direct.
I know the value of prophecy as confirmation. I was lauuched into ministry by a prophetic word that revealed all that was in my heart concerning God's call.   I did not learn anything new from the prophecy; it merely confirmed what was already in my heart and gave me the courage to act on what God had already spoken to me.
The only New Testament example of a personal prophecy giving direction is in Acts 21:4 where certain disciples, by the Spirit, told Paul, who was on his way to Jerusalem, not to go up to Jerusalem. What did Paul do? He ignored what they said and continued on to Jerusalem. Prophecy must confirm what we already know in our heart and Paul had already purposed in the Spirit to go to Jerusalem (Acts 19:21).
When prophecy is sought as the primary means for determining the will of God, those inolved have departed from the Biblical pattern and fallen into cultic divining and even witchcraft.
Warning Sign #3
When Prophecy is Preoccupied with Images, Numbers, and Symbols
Prophetic dreams and visions flourished in this movement. These dreams and visions predicted many remarkable things related to the establishing of God’s kingdom and the destruction of the wicked. Much of this information was given in symbolic form which had to be interpreted by those who were “spiritual.” Philips says,
One came dragging a wagon without wheels, another wagon had three wheels, one wagon had no shaft, some no horses, some no recognizable driver, some had but one leg, some were lepers and beggars, some wore a tunic or a cloak with a lappet of fur. All this they could interpret for the brethren in a spiritual sense.
These prophecies, dreams and visions predicted remarkable successes for the people of God, including a super-empowerment of the Spirit by which they would be enabled to overcome the wicked and establish the kingdom of God in the earth. In his very moving account of these matters, Philips says,
Now when these teachings and consolation with all the fantasies, dreams, revelations and visions daily occurred among the brethren, there was no little joy and expectation among us, hoping all would be true and fulfilled, for we were all unsuspecting, innocent, simple, without guile or cunning, and were not aware of any false visions, prophets, and revelations.
Biblical Insight: In the New Testament God communicates very clearly and precisely to His people. When He spoke to Ananias in a vision about going and praying for Paul, God gave precise instructions (Acts 9:10-12). He told Ananias the name of the man he was to pray for, the name of the man in whose house Paul was staying and the precise street address. When God does speak in a symbol or image, it is for the purpose of communicating a more clear and vivid message. It is never done as a riddle that must be searched out and solved, or interpreted by some spiritual elite. God wants to communicate clearly with His children.
Warning Sign #4
When Those Prophesying are not Open to Testing and/or Correction
During this time, two new apostles arrived in Philips’ home town of Leeuwarden. They declared that they had been commissioned to the apostolic office with such signs, miracles and workings of the Spirit that words failed them to describe it. They also declared that, “In a short time God would rid the earth of all shedders of blood and all tyrants and the godless.” Philips says that they frightened the people so that no one dared speak against them for fear they would be speaking against the commission and ordination of God. He says, “For we were all guileless children and had no idea that our own brethren would betray us.”
Biblical Insight: False prophets are unteachable and unwilling for their prophecies to be evaluated and tested, as Scripture commands. Virtually every time New Testament Scriptures speak of prophecy, they also speak of evaluating and testing the prophecy, which is the responsibility of every believer. I Thessalonians 5:19-21, for example, says, Do not quench the Spirit. Do not despise prophecies. Test all things; hold fast what is God. I Corinthians 14:29 says, Let two or three prophets speak and let the others judge. And in this same vein of thought, I John 4:1 says, Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits, whether they are of God; because many false prophets have gone out into the world.
Warning Sign #5
When Prophecy Becomes a Replacement for the Scriptures and Common Sense
The tragic end of this prophetic movement came, when based on dreams, visions, prophecies, and supposed angelic visitations, a number of these visionaries claimed that God had designated the city of Munster as the New Jerusalem and from there the kingdom of God would spread through all the earth. Philips says, “Some had spoken with God, others with angels—until they got a new trek under way to Munster.” Based on the prophecies and supposed visions, they went to Munster and took the city by force from the Catholics who controlled it and renamed it New Jerusalem.
The Catholics, however, quickly regrouped and regained control of the city. They wasted no time in inflicting a terrible slaughter on those apostles, prophets and their followers who believed they were setting up the kingdom of God on the earth.
Philips tells about going to Munster and walking among the bodies, many of them beheaded, of these individuals who had been his friends and acquaintances. It was a very somber time and a wake-up call for him as he observed the sad end of these apostles and prophets who had relied without question on their dreams, visions and prophecies.
This whole fiasco resulted in widespread persecution of all Anabaptists who were hunted down, imprisoned, hanged, burned, and drowned. Philips later lamented his role in the extremes of this movement. He wrote,
It is this which is utter grief to my heart and which I will lament before my God as long as I live, before all my companions, as often as I think of them. At the time that I took leave of those brethren, I had warned Menno and Dietrich and declared my [apostolic] commission unlawful and that I was therein deceived. I thank the gracious and merciful God who opened my eyes, humbled my soul, transformed my heart, captured my spirit, and who gave me to know my sins. And when I still think of the resigned suffering which occurred among the brethren, my soul is troubled and terrified before it.
Biblical Insight: In Psalm 119:105 David said, Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path. When Jesus was tempted by Satan in the wilderness to doubt His identity, He responded to each temptation with, It is written, and then quoted the appropriate passage of Scripture. John Wesley, who saw many unusual spiritual manifestations as the leader of the eighteenth-century Methodist revival, said, “Try all things by the written word, and let all bow down before it.” When Scripture and common sense are neglected for dreams, visions and personal prophecies, it is a telltale sign that the movement has gone astray.
This sixteenth century prophetic movement highlights the need to “test the spirits” and to “judge” prophetic utterances according to the Scriptures. For the most part, these were sincere, seeking people who suffered much pain, grief and even death because they neglected this Biblical admonition. May we learn from their example and not repeat their mistakes.
This article is derived from Dr. Eddie Hyatt's latest book, Angels of Light, available from Amazon and his website at

Tuesday, September 4, 2018


In Rom. 16:7 Paul says, Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles who also were in Christ before me NKJV). Although the NKJV above has translated the Greek Junian as “Junia,” which is a female name, many today vehemently argue that the name should be “Junias,” which is male.
In fact, I recently received an email in which I was accused of “misleading” people by telling them that “Junia” is the correct reading of this passage and that she was a female apostle. In my response, I sought to be gracious, but shared the following information showing why “Junia” is the correct reading, and why she should be given her due recognition by the modern church.
Number 1
The Manuscript Evidence
In this passage, Paul wrote the Greek name Junian, ending with an “n,” because the name is in the accusative sense, i.e., on the receiving end of Paul’s greeting. Because of that ending, the name could be either male (Junias) or female (Junia), depending on how it is accented. Accents, however, were not introduced until the seventh century and so we are left, some think, with a textual conundrum.
The conundrum, however, evaporates in the light of textual and historical evidence. For example, Dr. Bruce Metzgar, one of the world’s leading New Testament textual scholars, points out that in and around Rome over 250 Greek and Latin inscriptions have been found with the feminine name “Junia.” The male name, “Junias,” on the other hand, is unattested.
This is significant since Paul’s letter is addressed to the believers who are in Rome; for while the female name “Junia” is common there, the male name, “Junias,” is unknown. “Junias,” therefore, is a hypothetical name invented, it would seem, by those who cannot accept the possibility of a female apostle in the New Testament.
Metzgar also points out that when accents were put in use, the scribes, without exception, made the name feminine. This means that even though the earliest manuscripts of Paul’s letter to the Romans had no accents and so were ambiguous on this point, when accents were added, every extant witness construed the name as feminine. This is why Dr. N. Clayton Croy says, “There is not a single ancient Greek manuscript that accents the name as ‘Junias.’ In effect, then, the interpretation of the name as that of a man is completely lacking in explicit textual support.”
Reason 2
The Historical Evidence
Early church fathers, even those who had a bias against women in leadership, understood “Junia” to be a female apostle in the early church. Origin (185-284), who is known as the church’s first systematic theologian, understood the name to be feminine as did the famous church father, Jerome (347-420), who produced the Latin Vulgate Bible.
There is also the testimony of John Chrysostom (349-407), Bishop of Constantinople, who exclaimed, "O how great is the devotion of this woman, that she should be even counted worthy of the appellation of apostle." (Hyatt, Paul, Women and Church, 25).
In her excellent book, In the Spirit We’re Equal, Dr. Sue Hyatt points out, “The first known commentator to understand “Junia” as the male name “Junias” was Aegidius of Rome (1245-1346).” She rightly notes that the idea of the name being male is, therefore, a much later development and not worthy of serious consideration.
Number 3
Evidence of Translations
Based, no doubt, on the overwhelming textual and historical evidence, early English translations all opted for the feminine name, “Junia.” These include Tyndale’s New Testament (1526), the Coverdale Bible (1535), the Great Bible (1539), the Geneva Bible (1560), the Bishop’s Bible (1568) and the King James Version (1611).
We only find the male name "Junias" appearing in modern translations beginning with the Revised Version in 1881 and followed by the RSV, the NASB, the TEV, the MSG and the 1984 NIV. Newer translations, such as the NRSV, NLT and NKJV, have returned to the original understanding of the word as “Junia.” Faced with the overwhelming evidence, the translators of the NIV changed the name to “Junia” in their 2011 edition.
The Issue of Authority
The most common reason given by those who oppose recognizing “Junia” as an apostle is that women cannot function in what they would call “the apostolic teaching office.” The problem with this reasoning is it has no basis in Scripture. Neither Jesus, the Twelve or Paul established an “apostolic teaching office.”
Jesus made it clear that His apostles would be characterized, not by authority, but by service. This statement came when James and John requested the two most authoritative seats in the kingdom. Jesus rebuked them and told them they were thinking like Gentiles, that is, those who do not know God.
After pointing out how pagan leaders lord it over those under them, Jesus said, Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant. And whoever of you desires to be first shall be slave of all (Mark 10:44-45).
Jesus’ statement must have been shocking to those first apostles, for the word “servant” in this passage is from the Greek word diakonos and referred to a lowly household servant with no status or authority.
Nonetheless, they took His words seriously and diakonos became a common word for Christian leaders in the early church. Paul uses it of himself and his coworkers. We miss the force of the word for early Christianity because our modern translations often render it as “minister.”
John G. Lake, a true modern apostle, got it right when he wrote, “The modern conception of an apostle is usually that he is a big church boss, but that was not the conception Jesus left. An apostle was not to be a big boss; he was to be like his Lord--a servant of all.”
So, during the first century while apostolic ministry was characterized by “service,” women freely functioned in apostolic ministry. It was only after the church institutionalized and began to think of the apostolic in terms of “authority,” “office” and “power” that women began to be excluded from leadership and apostolic ministry.
Where We Go from Here
Jesus left His church an authoritative message. He did not leave her an authoritative office or structure. Professor Burnett Streeter was correct when he wrote,
Whatever else is disputable, there is, I submit, one result from which there is no escape. In the primitive church there was no single system of church order laid down by the apostles. During the first hundred years of Christianity, the Church was an organism alive and growing—changing its organization to meet changing needs. Uniformity was a later development (Hyatt, Pursuing Power, 43).
We are to contend, not for authority over others, but for the purity of the message that was entrusted to us. This is what Jude was referring to when he wrote, I found it necessary to write to you exhorting you to contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints.
In such a setting, there are, I submit, a multitude of modern Junias who will hear the voice of the Holy Spirit prompting them to go forth and proclaim the authoritative message that has been entrusted to them and to the entire body of Christ.

This article is derived from Dr. Eddie Hyatt’s books, Paul, Women and Church and Pursuing Power: How the Historic Quest for Apostolic Authority and Control Has Divided and Damaged the Church. Both are available from Amazon and his website at

Saturday, July 7, 2018


Many in the charismatic movement today are being led away from Jesus, not by sex, booze and drugs, but by an unhealthy fascination with signs, wonders and miracles. For example, a young man shared with me about being in a meeting where miracles were being greatly publicized. He said that at one point the crowd began to chant over and over “Signs! Miracles! Signs! Miracles!” 
Choking back the tears, he said, “I felt grieved in my spirit.” He was also confused. Why did he feel grieved inside? Aren’t we supposed to desire miracles? I assured him that what he experienced was the Holy Spirit in him being grieved by this crowd’s unhealthy preoccupation and fascination with miracles. Jesus had been preempted by their self-centered desire to see a miracle.
This reminds me of Herod who was “exceedingly glad” to finally see Jesus when Pilate sent Jesus to him during His trial. Why was Herod “exceedingly glad” to see Jesus? It wasn’t because Herod wanted to know Him and His message. Luke 23:8 says, “He hoped to see some miracle done by Him.” Herod wanted to be entertained by a miracle. His interest in Jesus and miracles was centered in himself and his own egotistical desire.
Believers are not to follow signs; signs are to follow believers. Mk. 16:15 says, These signs shall follow (accompany) them that believe. Believers are to follow Jesus and let the signs follow where they will. The devil can perform signs (remember Pharaoh’s magicians) and if we are following signs we are headed for trouble. Here are some suggestions to help keep us on track:
1.       Remember that Jesus is the source of true and genuine miracles, so seek Him.
2.       Remember that a miracle is not an end in itself--to be sought for its own value. Its only value is in bringing glory to Jesus and helping someone in need.
3.       Remember that the primary purpose of miracles is to honor and exalt the name of Jesus, not build up a preacher, church or ministry.
4.       Don’t follow signs. Follow Jesus and let the signs follow you.
5.       Beware of those who would nurture an unhealthy fascination with miracles instead of a closer, more intimate walk with Jesus.
6.       Avoid the Herod mentality that wants to be entertained by a miracle in much the same way that people pay to be entertained by a magician.
7.       Believe in miracles, but follow Jesus
The above article was first published in 2005. The late T.L. Osborn, a true apostle of God and the father of modern, miracle evangelism, read the article and sent the following email.
Hello Brother Eddie:
Congratulations on your newsletter: "Believe in Miracles, but Follow Jesus." We are facing a real serious plague of superstition in the body of the charismatic pentecostal world. I am often embarrassed, shocked, ashamed, by the silly things people are doing and saying. Keep up the good work. We must let the world know that somebody, somewhere is being faithful to Gospel Redemption teaching.
Greetings to you both. You are special. The writings that both of you are offering to our world are of tremendous spiritual value.
Your special friend and co-worker with Christ,
T.L. Osborn

Dr. Eddie Hyatt is an author, historian, Bible teacher and follower of Jesus Christ. He holds an earned doctorate from the School of Divinity at Regent University. His books on reformation, women in the church and Spiritual awakening are available from Amazon and his website at

Saturday, June 23, 2018


This poor man cried out, and the LORD heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles.
Psalm 34:6

In 1984 Sue and I were moving from Canada to Texas. Just before we left Canada, our vehicle began leaking steering fluid. We kept close watch on it and during the first day on the road I had to fill the steering cannister once.
The second day the leak increased and at about 10 pm near Memphis, TN, I had to fill it a second time. We crossed the Mississippi River into Arkansas and decided to turn into a service station that, although closed, had vending machines from which we could get a drink and snack. It was now about 11 pm.
As I turned into the station, the steering wheel would only move with the greatest effort, and all the while making a loud grinding noise. With much effort and noise, I got if off the road. I popped the hood, removed the steering fluid cap and the smoke and steam literally boiled out. It was bone dry even though I had filled it only an hour before.
I thought, "O No! It is ruined!" I had enough fluid to fill it one more time. We then got in the car with our drink and snack and prayed a desperate prayer of faith before pulling back onto the interstate. It went something like this, “O GOD, HELP!!!
Both Sue and God are my witness, we continued our journey and the steering fluid never leaked again and there was never another problem with the steering.
There is an expression used often by David in the Psalms and repeated in the New Testament of “crying” to the Lord. For example, Psalm 34:6 says, This poor man cried out, and the LORD heard him, and saved him from all his troubles. Psalm 34:15, which is alluded to in I Peter 3:12, says, The eyes of the LORD are on the righteous and His ear is open to their cry.
The Hebrew word for cry means to shriek or cry out in desperation, or even fear. It is like a person who is drowning, and they see someone standing on the shore. They do not speak in a calm voice, “Excuse me sir, I am in the process of drowning. Could I intrude upon you to help me?”
No! They shriek and cry out, HELP!!! HELP!!! They are desperate. Their life is at stake and they cry out for assistance and help.
There are numerous examples of such desperate prayers in the New Testament. I immediately think of Bartimaeus (Mark 10:46-52) who cried out in such desperation that those around him told him to be quiet. He ignored their demands and continued to cry out until Jesus stopped, called him forth and healed his blindness. Jesus then said to him, Your faith has made you well.
The Great Awakening that transformed Colonial America and gave birth to the nation, was birthed out of desperate cries of faith. Before presenting his sermon, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," Jonathan Edwards had spent 18 hours in desperate prayer. His cry was, "Give me New England or let me die." 

He then stood behind the pulpit and without moving or making any gestures, read his sermon in a monotone voice. Although his style was not attractive, the Holy Spirit fell like rain and His voice was drowned out by the cries of the people. New England was transformed by a mighty outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
Yes, there is a quiet, confident faith that obtains its object from God. There is also the desperate cry of faith that is the appropriate prayer at certain times in our lives and in history.
So, don't hold back. Go ahead and cry out to Him today. The eyes of the LORD are over the righteous and His ear is open to their cry.
Dr. Eddie Hyatt is an author, historian and Bible teacher with a passion to see another Great Awakening that will renew the churches of America and alter the course of the nation. His books on prayer and revival are available from Amazon and his website at

Thursday, April 26, 2018


By now you have probably heard that the editors of GQ magazine included the Bible in their list of "21 Books You Don't Have to Read." In this article they foolishly and naively describe the Bible as “repetitive, self-contradictory, sententious, foolish, and even at times ill-intentioned." 
Such a clueless, dismissive attitude is embarrassing in light of the fact that the Bible has been the basis of the rise and fall of civilizations, and the source of inspiration for emperors, kings, presidents, and untold millions of people of all cultures and races. They obviously know very little about the Bible and I suspect they have never read it.
Here are five amazing facts about the Bible the GQ editors need to know. Every Christian should also be aware of these facts.
Fact #1
There is No Other Book Like the Bible
The Bible is unique in its circulation. It is the perennial all-time best seller. No other book comes close. It has been translated into over 2,800 languages with new translations being continually produced by committed linguists who believe every people group on earth should have God’s word in their own language. No other book has anything approaching its constant circulation.
The Bible is also unique in its composition. It is comprised of 66 books that were written over a 1600-year period by over 40 authors from every walk of life, including kings, peasants, philosophers, sheepherders and fishermen. Despite the diversity of authorship and time of composition, there is a thread of unity running throughout that binds the whole together, making it one book. There is nothing like it in all of human literature.
The Bible is unique in the opposition it has provoked throughout history. Regimes that oppress their people fear the Bible because of its Message of individual freedom, hope, and salvation. Communist and Islamic nations fear the Bible and tend to outright ban it or restrict its free access to their people. It was for this same reason that the medieval church approved laws banning individuals from possessing the Bible in their own language. In spite of the opposition, the Bible has survived because it is God's word. It is like an anvil that has worn out many a hammer.
Fact #2
The Bible Profoundly Influenced the Founding of America
A ten-year project to discover where the founding fathers got their ideas for America’s founding documents found that, by far, the single most cited authority in their writings was the Bible. The following select quotations affirm this primary role of the Bible in America’s founding.
·       “It is impossible to rightly govern the world without God and the Bible.”
George Washington
·       “I have examined all . . . and the result is, that the Bible is the best book in the world!”
John Adams in a letter to Thomas Jefferson
·       “Of all the systems of morality that have come under my observations, none appear to me so pure as that of Jesus.”
Thomas Jefferson
·       “I have for many years made it a practice to read through the Bible once every year.”
John Quincy Adams
·       “That book, sir, is the Rock on which our Republic rests.”
Andrew Jackson
·       “It is the best gift God has given to mankind. All the good the Savior gave to the world was communicated through this book."
Abraham Lincoln
·       “No other book of any kind ever written in English has ever so affected the whole life of a people.
Theodore Roosevelt
Fact #3
Confirmed by Modern Archaeology
Archaeology, a recent science, has confirmed the accuracy and reliability of the Bible. Sir William Ramsay, an agnostic professor of theology at Oxford University and one of the greatest archaeologists of all time, originally thought he would scientifically discredit the New Testament by retracing the steps of Paul as delineated by Luke in the Book of Acts. 

Ramsay was a student of the skeptical, German higher criticism of the nineteenth century and he taught that the New Testament is an unreliable religious treatise written in the mid-second century by individuals far removed from the events described. But after years of retracing Luke's account of Paul's travels and doing archaeological excavations along the way, Ramsay completely reversed his view of the Bible and first-century history.

Ramsay became convinced that Acts was written in the first century by the traditional author and he acquired a very high regard for Luke as a historian. He wrote,
Luke is a historian of the first rank; not merely are his statements of fact trustworthy, he is possessed of the true historic sense; in short, this author should be placed along with the greatest of historians.
In 1896, Ramsay began publishing his discoveries in a book entitled St. Paul the Traveler and the Roman Citizen. The book caused a furor of dismay among the skeptics of the world, for its affirmation of the biblical record was totally unexpected. 
Over the next 20 years, he published other volumes showing how he discovered Luke to be accurate in the tiniest details of his account. He wrote, for example, "You may press the words of Luke in a degree beyond any other historian's and they stand the keenest scrutiny and the hardest treatment." The evidence was so overwhelming that many atheists gave up their atheism and embraced Christianity.

Archaeology has, indeed, affirmed the Biblical record again and again. William F, Albright was a world-renowned archaeologist and professor of Semitic languages at John Hopkins University. Like Ramsay, he began his work as a skeptic, but he too was changed by the evidence. After many years of leading archaeological excavations in the land of the Bible, he wrote, "Discovery after discovery has established the accuracy of innumerable details, and brought increased recognition to the Bible as a source of history."
Reason #4
The Bible is God-Breathed
II Timothy 3:16 says, All Scripture is given by inspiration of God. The phrase “inspiration of God" is translated from a Greek word that means “God-breathed.” In other words, this book has the very life of God in it.
This explains why people of all races and all ranks of life are drawn to the Bible. Countless millions find daily comfort, peace, and hope in the Bible. When Martin Luther began reading the Bible as a religious monk, he said, “I felt that the gates of heaven were opened and that I had been born again.”
John Wesley’s life was forever changed as he sat listening to a reading of Martin Luther’s comments on the Book of Romans. He wrote, “I felt my heart strangely warmed.” Multitudes, including this writer, often find their heart “strangely warmed” by reading or listening to the words of the Bible.
It is this God-breathed nature of the Bible that draws men and women to read its pages. Not only are the common people drawn to this book, but kings, presidents and prime ministers have found in its pages the strength and fortitude to carry out their difficult assignments.
For example, William Gladstone (1809-1898), who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain four separate times, was an avid reader of the Bible and committed to its revelation of Jesus Christ. Commenting on the influence of the Bible, he said, “I have known ninety-five of the world's great men in my time and of these, eighty-seven were followers of the Bible.”
Fact #5
God Will Have the Final Say
Men may rage and bluster about the Bible, but God will have the final word. The famous agnostic, Voltaire, boasted that one-hundred year after his death the Bible would be a forgotten book. Fifty years after his death, however, the Geneva Bible Society purchased his home and printing press and began printing and distributing Bibles throughout Europe.
One-hundred years after Voltaire's death this Bible Society had printed and distributed thousands of Bibles on his printing press and from his home. I think heaven must have been smiling! It reminds me of Isaiah 44:24-25, which reads,
I Am the LORD, the Maker of all things . . . who foils the signs of false prophets and makes fools of diviners and overthrows the learning of the wise and turns it into nonsense.
A People of One Book
Yes, the Bible is the most unique and powerful book ever written. Its ultimate purpose is to reveal to humanity God’s Messiah and Savior of the world, Jesus Christ. Jesus spoke of all the things that had been written in the Old Testament concerning Himself (Luke 24:44). We, therefore, read the Bible, not to just accumulate knowledge, but to come to know God and His Son, Jesus Christ. It is a relational book.
The GQ article merely reflects a trend in modern culture the church must guard against. We must be people of the Book. The noted historian, Philip Schaff said, “Every true progress in church history is conditioned by a new and deeper study of Scripture.” Concerning being a people of the Book, John Wesley, the Oxford scholar, revivalist, and founder of Methodism, wrote,  
I am a spirit come from God and returning to God: just hovering over the great gulf; till, a few moments hence, I am no more seen; I drop into an unchangeable eternity! I want to know one thing—the way to heaven; how to land safe on that happy shore. God himself has condescended to teach me the way. For this very end He came from heaven. He hath written it down in a book. O give me that book! At any price, give me the book of God! Let me be a man of one Book.

This is article is derived in part from Dr. Eddie Hyatt's book, Pilgrims and Patriots, available from Amazon and his website at To schedule him to speak at your church or event, send an email to

Tuesday, April 17, 2018


At a recent banquet I was seated next to a Jewish couple that I knew to be quite orthodox in their faith and fluent in Hebrew. In fact, before becoming a successful businessman, George had trained to be a rabbi. As we got to know each other, I decided to ask them about something I had read in the Chumash, a commentary on the Torah, which is widely used in Jewish homes and synagogues.
New Light on Genesis 2:18
My question concerned the phrase ezer neged in Genesis 2:18 that is translated “helpmeet” in the KJV and “helper comparable” in the NKJV. The Chumash, which carries commentary by rabbis both ancient and modern, says that neged literally means “against,” and that God literally said he would make for the man a helper "against” him. The Chumash commentators go on to say,
"Many have noted that the ideal marriage is not necessarily one of total agreement in all matters. Often it is the wife’s responsibility to oppose her husband and prevent him from acting rashly, or to help him achieve a common course by questioning, criticizing, and discussing. Thus the verse means literally that there are times a wife can best be a helper by being against him" (The Chumash, Stone Edition, 13).
This couple was very familiar with the Chumash and they confirmed this meaning of negedI also knew that the first word in the phrase, ezer, translated “helper,” has no connotations of subordination. It carries the meaning of "to surround and protect" and is commonly used in the Old Testament of God being the “helper” of humanity. 

I then recalled how I had learned in my own studies in Genesis with Gentile sources that neged means “corresponding to” and that it expresses a picture of two people standing face to face. This was in line with another Jewish friend, with whom I had discussed this passage, saying that neged carries the picture of two people standing “nose to nose.” 

It was becoming obvious that ezer neged did not carry the meaning that is commonly taught in evangelical circles today. It was becoming very clear that the “helper” God creates in Genesis 2:18 is not a mild, meek “yes dear” sort of person who never challenges or expresses an opinion. I was beginning to see the truth of the Chumash that the helper God made was a strong and equal individual with the right and responsibility to confront her husband when he is wrong. 
It is interesting to note that when Jesus was questioned about marriage and divorce, He pointed his audience to how it was in Creation as the original model and plan for male/female relationships. At least twice in this discussion, recorded in Matthew 19:3-10, Jesus pointed them to how it was in the beginning as the model they are to follow.

I also recalled a positive Biblical example of a wife confronting her husband and an example where a wife should have confronted her husband and the dire consequences of her failing to do so. 
Biblical Examples of Confrontation
In the Old Testament case, Sarah confronted Abraham and demanded that he send Ishmael away because of his destructive behavior toward Isaac. Abraham was reluctant to do so, and the Scripture says that Sarah’s demand was very displeasing to him.
Nonetheless, God took Sarah’s side and said to Abraham, Whatever Sarah has said to you, listen to her voice; for in Isaac your seed shall be called (Genesis 21:12). It was not a matter of who had authority over whom; it was a matter of what was right in the situation. In this situation Sarah happened to be right and her confrontation of Abraham helped him stay in the center of God’s will.
In the New Testament case, we see the very opposite. Sapphira did not confront her husband about his devious plan to lie to the church about the sale of their property, and how much they were giving. Instead, she submitted to his conniving scheme and both lost their lives (Acts 5:1-11).
The story of Ananias and Sapphira shows the fallacy of the popular teaching that God works exclusively through delegated authority, and that it is our duty to submit to the authority even when they are wrong. Not so! God held Ananias and Sapphira equally and individually accountable for their actions.
He is also holding each of us accountable for our actions, for as Paul says in II Corinthians 5:10, For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.
Charles Finney Recommends Confrontation
During the midst of a powerful revival in upper state New York, a woman came to Charles Finney (1792-1873) asking his advice on how to respond to her unsaved husband who had ordered her not to attend the revival meetings. Finney’s answer shows that the sort of extreme teaching on male headship that has been so prevalent among modern evangelicals is actually something new and novel. Finney said,
"I told her that her first obligation was to God; that she was undoubtedly under obligation to obey His commands, even if they conflicted with the commands of her husband . . . in no case to omit what she regarded as her duty to God for the sake of complying with his wishes. I told her that as he was an infidel his opinions on religious subjects were not to be respected."
Finney tells how this woman took his advice, ignored her husband's command and came to the revival meeting. She returned home to find him in a rage and having destroyed much of the furniture in their home.
When he saw her, he pulled out a large knife and swore that he would kill her. He then began chasing her through the house screaming his threats. Eventually, he cornered her on the 3rd floor with no way of escape and approached her in a rage with the knife upraised.
At this point she fell on her knees, lifted her hands to heaven and cried out to God for mercy for herself and her husband. Suddenly, the Spirit of God "arrested" and overwhelmed him, and he sunk to the floor where he sobbed and poured out his heart to God and his wife, begging for mercy and forgiveness.
From that moment, said Finney, "he was a wonderfully changed man and became one of the most earnest Christians I ever knew." Finney, by the way, was a revivalist, an abolitionist and an advocate for women's rights. The above story is taken from his unabridged Autobiography, which, outside the Bible, is one of my all-time best reads.
Paul Would Agree
Yes, our marriages must consist primarily of mutual love, support, and encouragement. But because we are all fallible and prone to shortcomings, there are times we need to be confronted by the person closest to us, which should be our spouse. Tradition has given this right to the husband, but not to the wife. The Bible, however, is clear on this matter. The wife has the right—and responsibility--to confront her husband and the husband has the responsibility to listen to his wife.
If someone wants to appeal to Paul, I will say that Paul must be interpreted in the light of the context in which he wrote and in the light of Creation and the of the whole of Scripture. I will also point them to my book, Paul, Women and Church where Paul, interpreted in the context of everything he wrote about women, is clearly seen a friend of women and a champion of their equality in Christ. Yes, Paul too would agree with wives confronting their husbands when they are wrong.

Dr. Eddie Hyatt is a board member of God's Word to Women and an advocate for the equality of men and women in Creation and in Christ. He is the author of numerous books including Paul, Women and Church, available from Amazon and his website at